Nagpur/Mumbai: The Bombay High Court refused to discharge a money lender couple from a case arising out of an FIR filed against them by wife of a deceased debtor who committed suicide by hanging himself.
Justice A M Badar was hearing a criminal revision application filed Gurunath and Sangita Gawli, who had been booked for offences punishable under Sections 306, 323, 504, 506, 427 read with Section 34 of IPC and under Sections 32B and 33 of the Bombay Money Lenders Act (Maharashtra Money Lenders Act). Gurunath and Sangita filed a criminal revision application before the High Court challenging the Sessions’ Court order dated November 21, 2016, wherein the court had rejected the accused couple’s application for a discharge from the case.
Adv Aditya Gore, representing the accused couple, argued that for making out an offence punishable under Section 306 (abetment of suicide) of IPC, it is necessary to demonstrate that the accused instigated or intentionally aided or had done any act as contemplated under Section 107 of IPC which results in commission of suicide by the deceased. Gore relied on several judgments of the High Court to support his argument.
According to the prosecution, Umesh Bomble was a street vendor in Mumbai. He started a small chit fund scheme but it ended up in a loss as other participants in the scheme did not meet their financial obligations. This led to a huge financial strain on Umesh, who then had to take a loan from the accused (Gurunath and Sangita) in order to meet his financial obligations.
It is the prosecution’s case that because of the consistent harassment by the accused, Umesh Bomble committed suicide.
Examining the definition of ‘abetment’ in Section 107 of the IPC, the court observed: “Abetment does not involve actual commission of crime but it is crime apart. Abetment involves actual active complicity on the part of abettor at point of time prior to or at the time of commission of offence.
Abetment is complete when other is instigated to commit an act of offence.
It is well settled that for making out the offence punishable under Section 306 of IPC, mens rea, which is an essential ingredient of the offence defined in Section 107 of IPC, is required to be shown as without knowledge and intention there cannot be abetment.”
Upon perusal of the evidence on record, statement of witnesses, the court observed how Umesh was subjected to unbearable, continuous and repeated attacks and demands of money by the accused.
Umesh was said to have been physically assaulted several times and was abused and humiliated in front of his children and neighbours.
Rejecting the revision application, Justice Badar stated: “Conduct of revision petitioners accused appears to be wilful and its gravity seems to propel or compel a person of ordinary prudence to commit suicide. Cornered to a wall by such behaviour of revision petitioners accused, deceased Umesh was bound to think that it is better to die rather than suffering such humiliations in front of his children and other family members.”