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    Published On : Sun, Jun 11th, 2017

    Why did the farmers get angry? – This all started with Kopargaon in Maharashtra

    Farmers Strike

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    Nagpur: Recently, government data revealed that the GDP growth rate was 6.1 percent. However, in the long run, the agrarian sector has registered an increase. The agricultural growth rate has increased to 5.2 percent in the third quarter. It is clear that, the hard work of the farmers along with the good monsoon has also been painted for this. Despite the fact that the workers belonging to the farming and farmers of the country are in bad condition, tells a picture emerged from Maharashtra and other states in the form of farmers’ movements.

    The movement started from Kopargaon in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra. Here, 200 farmers gathered for complete debt waiver and expressed their indignation even on violence. As a result, a farmer named Ashok Morey was also killed. While the farmers set fire to the vehicles filled with milk and crops, millions of liters of milk were flown out on the streets.The major demand for farmers in Maharashtra is 100 percent debt waiver. This movement has been led by the Kisan Kranti Jan Movement in Maharashtra.

    Although Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis immediately called the meeting and assured the solution of the problem till October 2017,has taken over the farmers’ anger. The contradictory aspect of the central and state governments in connection with the farmer’s debt obligation is that the loans of industrial houses are being constantly deposited in the bank accounts, while the government and the so-called economists are yelling over the demand of farmers’ debt waiver. In between, the Adityanath Yogi Sarkar of Uttar Pradesh has made a precedent by deciding the farmer’s debt waiver.

    The country’s feeder is constantly in crisis. As a result 8 to 10 thousand farmers are committing suicide every year due to various reasons. The main reason for this is the loan taken from the bank and moneylenders. In this perspective, the Citizens ‘Resource and Action and Initiative’, a self-serving organization, filed a petition in the Supreme Court, about the crisis that had taken place on farmers in Gujarat and their suicides sometime ago. While hearing this, the court said, ‘This is a very serious issue.

    Therefore, it was ordered that the court should be informed about the contexts of the proposed provisions to be taken by the states on farmer suicides. “It can be called a sensitive stand of the court because the court has given the problem of a state as a tragedy of the entire country farmers.The court has Looked and made this ac considerable aspect. If such piece of sensitiveness would have been shown by the Central and the State Governments, then the farmers would not have been forced to take suicidal steps as victims of the plight.

    The small scale farmers in debt are the most suicide prone in the country. However, the benefits of loan waiver are available to those farmers who have taken loans from government and co-operative banks. Farmers who take loans from private lenders are deprived of this benefit.

    BJP promised to implement the recommendations of the Swaminathan Commission in the declaration of Lok Sabha elections and to give the farmers a one and a half times the cost of produce. But despite the Narendra Modi government, has passed 3 years there was no significant initiative taken in this regard. The sugarcane arrears on sugar mills are known examples from this perspective. Clearly, these measures are not enough are the main reason behind the agriculture and farmers’ crisis, and these are not good signs for the country’s economy either. This is the reason why agriculture has become a loss business. Even if there is crop loss due to weather or other reason, the farmer has to undergo severe difficulties. So, what if the farmer does feel’s cheated?

    Livelihood offers to 70 percent of the people via farming and farming related works in the country. This is the population, which provides food to the country’s 1 billion 25 million people despite being endangered. Along with the availability of sugars, rice, cotton and a variety of mangoes to the traders for export, a means of generating a foreign currency of billions rupees becomes the means of earning. Regardless, when it comes to farmer’s debt waiver, economists of the broker trend of the corporate houses argue that farmer’s debt waiver will disrupt the financial discipline of the country.

    While the economists are silent on giving relief to some of the big businessmen and various tax exemptions. Even on the sixth and seventh pay scales of government employees they are shockingly silent. Whereas these measures are becoming a major cause of economic inequality. If indeed there is a reason for the poor economy, then on what basis did the banks put the loans of 1.14 lakh crore rupees in the last three years in the bank accounts of the bourgeoisie? Figures within the last 15 years show that the debt of Rs. 3 lakh crores of the capitalists has been put on the debt waiver. These are loans in the technical language of the bank, whose recovery is expected to be zero.

    However, the NDA government has provided Rs. 13 thousand 240 crore in crop insurance scheme, Rs. 8 thousand crore in milk processing fund and Rs. 5000 crore for irrigation and soil laboratories in the interest of farmers. At the same time, the farmers who have taken loan from co-operative banks have been given a relaxation in bank interest of 60 days. But these measures are like wiping out the tears of the farmers. Because all these measures are related to indirect benefits. If governments do so, then their feelings towards their farmer and laborers will be exposed, will the farmers participate in the economy of the country with enthusiasm ?

    – RAJEEV RANJAN KUSHWAHA

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