Nagpur: We talk of peaceful and a greener world all the time but whenever we do so some place in the world is always at unrest and anarchy. Which proves the hypocritical nature of the society.
In the past four and a half year more than 250,000 Syrians have lost their lives in the armed conflict, where the world is at war. More than 11 million others have been forced from their homes as opposite forces collide. But midst of the anarchy somewhere the innocent children are being lost in the doom!
A photograph surfaced recently of a little boy covered In Dust With Blood On His Face. The young boy rescued from a partially destroyed building in the aftermath of a devastating airstrike in Aleppo. In the image of a boy sitting on an orange chair inside an ambulance, the blood on his face encapsulates the horrors inflicted on the war-ravaged city. The Boy (identified as Omran) Reminded The World About The War In Syria and this has become the face of the Syrian melancholy! Furthermore there are reports that the brother of the boy is no more. As Syria continues to get devastated in violence and Aleppo bears the burns of it.
Amidst the violence, many images and videos come out leaving the citizen of Internet totally mystified! Not a very long ago that another image of a diseased three year old Syrian migrant child ‘Alyan Kurdi’ was found washed ashore on a Turkish beach after he and his family drowned while taking a dilapidated small boat to reach Greece to escape the deadly conflict.
Immediately, the world sat up and reacted with horror. The Image brought the world to its knees with an enormous outburst of anger and great deal of reflection over the migrant crisis and the conflict in Syria.
Let us try to analyze the Syrian dilemma:
Inception of war:
Anti-government demonstrations began in March of 2011, in the southern city of Deraa. But the peaceful protests quickly escalated after the government’s violent crackdown, and rebels began fighting back against the regime. The unrest triggered nationwide protests demanding President Assad’s resignation. The government’s use of force to crush the dissent merely hardened the protesters’ resolve. By July, army defectors had loosely organized the Free Syrian Army and many civilian Syrians took up arms to join the opposition first to defend themselves and later to expel security forces from their local areas. Divisions between secular and Islamist fighters, and between ethnic groups, continue to complicate the politics of the conflict even more.
Civil war and Mutiny:
Violence escalated and the country descended into civil war as rebel brigades were formed to battle government forces for control of cities, towns and the countryside. Fighting reached the capital Damascus and second city of Aleppo in 2012. The fireball slowly took the shape of an inferno, by June 2013, the UN said 90,000 people had been killed in the conflict. By August 2015, that figure had climbed to 250,000, according to activists and the UN.
The conflict is now more than just a battle between those for or against Mr. Assad. It has acquired sectarian overtones, pitching the country’s Sunni majority against the president’s Shia sect, and drawn in regional and world powers. The rise of the jihadist group Islamic State (IS) has added a further dimension.
The jihadist group Islamic State (IS) burst on to the international scene in 2014 when it seized large swathes of territory in Syria and Iraq. It has become notorious for its brutality, including mass killings, abductions and beheadings.
Islamic state a state of people without Islam!
What are its origins?
IS can trace its roots back to the late Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, a Jordanian. In 2004, a year after the US-led invasion of Iraq, Zarqawi, had pledged allegiance to Osama Bin Laden and formed al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI), which became a major force in the insurgency.
After his death in 2006, AQI created an umbrella organization, Islamic State in Iraq (ISI). ISI was steadily weakened by the US troop surge and the creation of Sahwa (Awakening) councils by Sunni Arab tribesmen who rejected its brutality.
Baghdadi, a former US detainee, became leader in 2010 and began rebuilding ISI’s capabilities. By 2013, it was once again carrying out dozens of attacks a month in Iraq. It had also joined the rebellion against President Bashar al-Assad in Syria, setting up the al-Nusra Front. He used the emotional week point of the people of Syria who were against the Shia president and capitalised its gain for a different cause altogether.
Where does IS get its money from?
It is believed that this militant group is the world’s wealthiest. It initially relied on wealthy private donors and Islamic charities in the Middle East keen to oust Syria’s President Assad. Although such funding is still being used to finance the travel of foreign fighters to Syria and Iraq, the group is now largely self-funding.
The US Treasury estimates that in 2014 IS may have earned as much as several million dollars per week, or $100m in total, from the sale of crude oil and refined products to local middlemen, who in turn smuggled them in Turkey and Iran, or sold them to the Syrian government.
IS is believed to raise at least several million dollars per month by robbing, looting, and extortion. Payments are extracted from those who pass through, conduct business in, or simply live in IS territory under the auspices or providing services or “protection”.
Religious minorities are forced to pay a special tax. IS profits from raiding banks, selling antiquities, and stealing or controlling sales of livestock and crops. Abducted girls and women have meanwhile been sold as sex slaves, which is another pensive story altogether.
Humanitarian crisis and the grim of death:
More than 4.5 million people have fled Syria since the start of the conflict, most of them women and children. Neighboring Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey have struggled to cope with one of the largest refugee exoduses in recent history. About 10% of Syrian refugees have sought safety in Europe, sowing political divisions as countries argue over sharing the burden.
A further 6.5 million people are internally displaced inside Syria, 1.2 million were driven from their homes in 2015 alone.
It is more a outbound moral duty than anything else that the UN and the Colossal countries that are involved in the war must aid the security and safety to the children; as the seeds sown in a nurturing and safe environment will bear fruits in future.Promising a better tomorrow which is free from hatred and full of love and social security.
Dr. Rajan Pandey
M.B.B.S., M.D. Radio-Diagnosis (schol.),
Author, Blogger& Columnist.