Published On : Fri, Aug 31st, 2012

Medical Entrance Exams





AIPMT Preliminary Exam (All India Pre-Medical / Pre-Dental Entrance Examination)


All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Exam commonly known as AIPMT is conducted by CBSE. This exam is conducted for the 15% merit positions for the Medical/Dental Colleges of India which is run by central government, state government and municipal or other local authorities in India except in the state of Andhra Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir.

All India Pre-Medical / Pre-Dental Entrance Exam are conducted in two stages: Preliminary Examination and Final Examination.

AIPMT is a mandatory written test for admission into any medical and dental courses at bachelor level. However, it is only the first step. In addition, a candidate has to undergo the selection process for the admission. The candidates who get qualified in the Preliminary examination they will move ahead to take the Final Examination.
List of Medical Colleges:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Lady Harding Medical College
  • Maulana Azad Medical College
  • Nehru Homeopathic Medical College
  • University College of Medical Science
  • Goa Medical College
  • Goa Dental College and Hospital
  • Government Ayurvedic College
  • Himachal Dental College, Dr. Puranchand Medical Charitable Trust
  • Christian Dental College
  • Dayanand Medical College and Hospital
  • Punjab Government Dental College and Hospital

Eligibility Criteria:

  • The candidate should be an Indian citizen.
  • The candidate should have attained the age of 17 years as on the 31st of the December of the year of admission
  • The candidate should have cleared the Higher/Senior Secondary Examination or the Indian School Certificate Examination after a period of 12 years study, the last two years of such study comprising Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics or any other elective subjects with English at a level as prescribed by the NCERT for 10+2 level
  • Candidate, if belonging to General Category, must have obtained a minimum of 50% marks taken together in Physics, Chemistry and Biology. For applicants belonging to schedule castes, scheduled tribes and other backward classes the minimum qualifying mark is 40%.
  • Candidates of Indian Nationality educated abroad seeking admission into medical colleges in India must have passed in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English up to the 12th standard level with 50% marks and their equivalency determined as per regulations of the Medical Council of India and the concerned University.
  • The number of attempts which a candidate can avail at All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Examination shall be limited to 3 (three) uniformly for all the candidates.

Reservation for AIPMT:

Reservation will be made as per following details in 15% All India quotas:

  • 15% seats are reserved for SC candidates,
  • 7.5% seats are reserved for ST candidates,
  • 27% seats are reserved for non-creamy layer OBC candidates in Central Educational Institutions only as per Hon’ble Supreme Court order dated 10.04.2008,
  • 3% seats are reserved on horizontal basis for PH candidates. The reservation will be made as per 2200 point reservation roster.
  • The mode of implementation of reservation will be available on DGHS

Test Structure and Duration:

Preliminary Examination:

The duration of the paper would be three hours. The Preliminary exam contains 200 objective type questions (four options with single correct answer) from Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Botany and Zoology). Candidates will have to answer the queries on the specially designed machine-gradable sheet with Ball Point Pen only.

Final Examination:

The Final exam contains 120 objective type questions (four options with single correct answer) from Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Botany and Zoology). Candidates will have to answer the queries on the specially designed machine-gradable sheet with Ball Point Pen only.

Candidates can choose the language of their preference in which they want to give the exam. For that they will have to choose the language while filling the Application form. Once they will choose the language it won’t be change later.

For each correct response the candidate will get 4 marks. For each wrong answer 1 mark will be deducted from the total score. No deduction from the total score will, however, be made if no response is indicated for an item in the Answer Sheet. The maximum marks are 800.

Here are some of the important topics:

  • Class 11 syllabus: Alternation of generations in plants, modifications in plant organs, body plan of various animals, biomolecules, cell division, chemical coordination, photosynthesis, plant growth hormones etc.
  • Class 12 syllabus: molecular basis of inheritance, sporogenesis, reproductive health, hormonal action in spermatogenesis and oogenesis, biotechnology, microbes in human welfare, ecosystem, environmental issues and so on

For AIPMT main, go a little deeper into the theory portion to attempt descriptive questions. Try to solve descriptive questions given at the end of each chapter in the ISC textbook. Revise the theory portion as much as you can. Recollect important points and frame questions of your own. Answer direct questions without looking at the options.


Students should prepare for single-correct option questions, which will comprise about 90% of the paper.

“There should be more emphasis on questions with more than one correct option to keep yourself on a safe footing.

The important topics are:

  • Physical chemistry: tough and lengthy topics including equilibrium, thermodynamics, electrochemistry and chemical kinetics. Physical chemistry comprises about 40% of AIPMT chemistry.
  • Organic chemistry: topics such as hydrocarbons, alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones and amines. Organic covers about 40% of the chemistry portion.
  • Inorganic chemistry: topics like complex compounds, p-block, d-block and some s-block elements.

These are the major important topics which make you 80% ready for the test.

AIPMT preparation requires more practice than reading. “It should be 1:4 – one part reading and four parts practising questions.” This is crucial to be able to tackle tricky problems by understanding the examiner’s psychology and by interpreting the words, he says. “You may know a concept but the language of the question can make you doubtful.”


AIPMT’s physics is usually termed easy. More than a grip over the concept, the deciding factor in this section is speed and accuracy. And that comes from practising MCQs.

You should use NCERT text for theory and solved examples but should go for one of the MCQ banks by private authors.

The level of questions is such that “80-90% students can do them but many aren’t able to complete them because a lack of practice,” experts say.

The most important topics in physics are mechanics (10-12 questions) from Class 11 and modern physics from Class 12 (10-12 questions).

Happy Studying.

By Marcelo Azavedo